6 - Gabriel Peltier (1769 - 1852)

Parents: André Pelletier (Peltier) - Marie-Catherine Meloche

Born: 26 Jum 1769 - Windsor, ON, Canada
Died: 2 Apr 1852 - Pain Court, ON, Canada

Married: 2 Feb 1795, L'Assomption Church, Windsor, ON, Canada
Spouse: Catherine Dagneau-de-Quindre (1775 -1861)

Catherine (1795 - )
André (1797 - 1872)
Charles (1799 - 1804)
Gabriel (1801 - )
Madeleine (1803 - )
Victoire-Prisque (1806 - 1840)
Léon (1808 - )
Louis (1809 - 1857)
Charles (1812 - bef1853)
Euphrosine (Freezine) (1814 - )
Françoise (Fanny) (1816 - 1861)

These notes were furnished by Jack Peltier, and represent data from Denissen, Assumption parish documents, other local documents, and Jack himself.

Notes for Gabriel:

From the Commemorative Biographical Record of Kent County, p. 294: Gabriel died in 1845 at 88 years of age and his widow died 10 years later at the age of 94. They were buried in St-Peter Church cemetery. All of their children are deceased: Charles, Louis, Leon, Gabriel, Andrew, Fanny, who married Alexander Galarneau, Madeline (Mrs.. Peck) and Mary who married Edward Parson. Gabriel took part in the war of 1812.

From the IllustratedHistory of Kent and Essex Counties, 1876: "The banks of the Pain Court creek, below the village of that same name, were first settled by French residents from 1815 to 1820, the pioneer of that locality being J. Bte Loson (Lauson), who was followed by Gabriel Peltier, J. Bte Fobert (Faubert), Louis Dezillia and J. Bte Primeau, in the order named. All these parties took possession of the land as "squatters" but at their request Surveyor-General Rankin was sent up to survey a tract hereabout (to which is now accorded the name of the Pain Court Block), whereupon the squatters were granted patents for their holdings."

Jack Peltier notes: The first record of land ownership for Gabriel seems to be a portion of Lot 3, Front Concession which he purchased in 1830. The J. Bte Fobert (Faubert) referred to appears to be Gabriel's brother-in-law. J Bte married Suzanne Peltier, Gabriel's sister. Gabriel's son, André, married J. Bte and Suzanne's daughter Catherine.

From Romantic Kent, by Victor Lauriston, 1952, page 355: "The Pain Court settlement dates from 1815. It was the beginning of an influx that in time made Dover predominantly French. French-Canadian settlers from the Detroit had seemingly preceded the Loyalists on the Thames; but in 1815, two families, Baby and Paquette, definitely located on lots 6 and 7 on the north bank; and the same year a group comprising J.B. Lauzon, Gabriel Peltier, J.B. Faubert, Louis Dezilla and J.B. Primeau located further inland, on the banks of what later was known as Pain Court Creek."

Jack Peltier notes: Various records show Gabriel as having been buried at St-Peters. Denissen shows him as having died at Assumption but perhaps he was not buried there. There is no record of his burial (or that of his wife Catherine Dagneau-de-Quindre) at St-Peters. It can be speculated that a service was held at St-Peters but actual burial was elsewhere, perhaps at a family plot. Records in the Tilbury Library show his death as being in 1842.

From Kent County Land Records: Gabriel Peltier acquired 38.5 acres in Lot 3, Front Concession, Dover East from Charles Delisle on June 1, 1830 for 75 pounds. Jack Peltier notes that this land would have been located adjacent to, or very close to the land owned by his father-in-law, Fontenay Dequindre and Charles Dequindre in Lot 4. Gabriel appears to have sold a portion of these lands in 1854 to Edward Urquhart.

Notes for Catherine Dagneau-de-Quindre:

From Records of Assumption Church:"The 3rd June 1791, we the undersigned priest baptized, conditionally, Catherine, natural daughter of Sr Charles Stanislaus Dequindre, aged about 16 years, godfather, Charles Boulanger and godmother Dame Agath Chene Sterling. Signatures: Charles Stanislaus, Charles Boulanger and Dufaux, Priest."

No place of birth is given. Charles is recorded as her natural father. Marie-Catherine, wife of Charles Stanislaus, had died prior to this time but had she been Catherine's mother one would think that the records would have shown her as the mother, deceased. Agathe Chene Sterling (Marie-Catherine's sister) was the godmother, but she is not referred to as her aunt as might have been the case if Marie-Catherine had been Catherine's natural mother.

Why was Catherine not baptized until she was about 16 years old, particularly in a place like Detroit where both Ste-Anne's and Assumption were established? The participation of Marie-Catherine's relatives at young Catherine's baptism and later at her marriage would seem to indicate that Catherine was recognized and accepted by the Chene-dit-Labutte family.

Jack Peltier notes that it has been speculated that Catherine was the daughter of an Indian spouse of Charles Stanislaus. Charles was a Lieutenant in the British Indian department and was involved with the Shawnee tribe circa 1778. The names Fontenay, Dagneau and Dequindre appear in baptismal records at Fort Vincennes, Indiana, about this time period, including what appear to be Indian or mixed blood children with those names. Charles Stanislaus and his brothers "Picanier" and "Pontchartrain" were certainly in that area during that time period.

Assumption Church records note that Catherine married Gabriel Peltier on February 2, 1795 at the church. In the marriage record Gabriel is referred to as the son of André Peltier and Catherine Meloche (deceased). Charles Stanislaus is referred to as Catherine's father but no mention is made of her mother. Julien and Alexis Chene are described as "friends of the bride". If Marie-Catherine had been Catherine's mother, they would have described as her uncles (they were Marie-Catherine's brothers). Once again, Marie-Catherine's relatives were present at an important event in Catherine's life, indicating some recognition and acceptance by the Chene-dit-Labutte family.

Catherine's father, Charles, was known to have been in Kaskaskias, Illinois, in 1764 (he would have been about 16 years old) where he is recorded (La population des Forts français d'Amérique du XVIII siecle - Faribault Beauregard) as having been godfather to Véronique Beauvais, the daughter of negro slaves owned by Jean-Baptiste Beauvais. He may well have been the "cadet" Dequindre who delivered a message from Pierre Joseph Neyon de Villiers, commandant of Fort Chartres, to the Indian chief Pontiac in September 1763 telling Pontiac that no French help was coming to assist him in his siege of Detroit. Charles' presence in the area of Kaskaskias and Chartres at that time suggest some involvement with commerce (fur trading, etc.) or the military.

Charles Stanislaus would have been about 14 years old when his uncle, Captain François-Marie Picoté, Sieur de Belestre surrendered Detroit to the British in 1760 (author's note: this was the same year that Vaudreuil surrendered Montréal to the British). Several of his brothers appear to have been officers in "les troupes de la marine" and later in the British Indian Department. Given the prominent position of his father, Louis Césaire Dagneau de Douville de Quindre-dit-Fontenay (wealthy trader and colonel of the French militia in Detroit) and of his mother's family (Picoté de Belestre) it is very likely that he would have been involved both in commerce and the military. Charles Stanislaus' ancestors appear to have been members of the French aristocracy.

Charles Stanislaus would have been about 29 when Catherine was born in 1775. Three years later, in early 1778, Charles was a Lieutenant in the British Indian Department and participated in the capture of Daniel Boone at Blue Licks in Kentucky. Later that same year he participated in the British expedition from Detroit to recapture Fort Sackville (Vincennes, Indiana). It is interesting to speculate as to who was caring for Catherine during the times when Charles Stanislaus was away on military duty. Was her natural mother caring for her?

Fontenay Dequindre (Charles Stanislaus) is variously recorded in land records circa 1790 as being a Lieutenant in the British Indian Department, and a United Empire Loyalist. The Dequindres were sometimes referred to as French Tories. His land holdings are shown at different times as being in Malden Township, Essex County and Dover Township (Pain Court) in Kent County. He certainly died after September 1821, (Note: Jack Peltier states that according to Fontenay's will, he died on March 1, 1833 in Dover Township) since at that time he was witness to a Memorial regarding the sale of land by himself to George Jacob and is reported to have been buried at St-Peters parish. However, there is no record of his burial at that place -- perhaps a service was held at the church and he was buried elsewhere. There are reported to be family burying grounds in the local area.

Charles married Marie-Catherine Chene-dit-Labutte on November 18, 1780, In Assumption Church, five years after Catherine's birth. He would have been about 34 years old. Had his Indian spouse died prior or had he abandoned her? Were they ever married? Did he go back to her after the death of his wife Marie-Catherine?

Charles Stanislaus and Marie-Catherine had three children. Marie-Catherine died in March 1787, before the baptism (1791) and marriage (1795) of Catherine. Catherine would have been about 12 years of age at the time of Marie-Catherine's death. Her half-brother Charles Jr. would have been about 6 years old and her half-sisters Marie-Catherine about 4 and Pélagie about2. It is interesting to speculate as to what role she may have played, if any, in the rasing of her half-siblings. Charles Stanislaus would have been about 41 at the time of his wife's death but there is no record of his having remarried.

Catherine appears to have been raised as part of Charles' and Marie-Catherine's family. The Windsor Border Region - A Survey of the Settlement of Detroit - Made by Order of Major de Peyster the 16th Day of June 1782: Charles (Fontenay Dequindre) as having a wife (Marie-Catherine) and two children under 16, one Male (Charles born in 1781) and one female (Catherine born in 1775). The other two children were born in 1783 (Marie-Catherine) and 1785 (Pélagie).

Catherine is referred to as Catherine Fontenay in the baptism records of her son Charles Peltier. Her son Gabriel Peltier's godfather was (unknown) Labutte, which further suggests tha Catherine was "recognized" and accepted by the Chene-dit-Labutte family. Her son André Peltier's godmother was Pélagie Dequindre, his aunt and his mother's half-sister. This further suggests a connection between Catherine and her half-sisters and her half-brother. Her daughter Victoire Peltier's godmother was Julie Dequinte/Dequindre, daughter of François Dagneau de Quindre, Sieur de Picanier and another of Catherine's cousins, which further suggests some acceptance by that family.

Catherine was reported to have been buried at St-Peters, Dover Township, but there is no record of that burial in the parish records. Similarly, there is no record of her husband's burial notwithstanding the fact that various sources state that that was the case. One might speculate that there was a family burial plot somewhere where Catherine, as well as her father, Charles Stanislaus, and her husband, Gabriel Peltier, were actually buried. There is no record of their burial at other Catholic churches in the area.