Texts of land-grants made to Nicolas Peltier and to his son, François Pelletier

The following texts and summary translations were graciously submitted by Ben Shoja, one of Nicolas's descendants. They include an opening paragraph by Ben, followed his translation of the document, then followed by the text in French:

In August 2001, armed with more questions than answers about Nicolas Peltier and his son Frangois, I went in search of them at the National Archives of Quebec in Sainte-Foy. With the aid of a very generous archivist, whose kindness has outlived his name in my memory, I was able to uncover the original concessions made to our ancestors in Sillery in 1645 and in 1667.

The document treated below can be found at the National Archives of Quebec, located on the campus of Laval University, in a box designated "Biens des Jisuites" (cote: E21 S66 SS3; localisation: 7A 011 02-02-004B-01; contenant: 1960-01-038\186). Except for one paragraph added in 1650, the actual document dates to 1649, and includes a transcript of an act first drafted in 1645; it is unclear who penned each act. In the following summary, we will consider the acts individually in the order in which each was originally composed: 1645, 1649, and 1650. The transcript of the document is presented in the French of its time, as the words appear on the page, the exception being some Roman numerals added for the sake of reference. Four letters on the second page of the document, replaced below by bracketed ellipsis points, are illegible; "` nul," - "to no one" -, spelled perhaps in an archaic way, might fit in the original space. A back-slash indicates the end of a line on the original page.





On 12 September 1645, at Fort Saint Louis in Quebec, Charles Huault de Montmagny, governor and lieutenant general of New France, acting under the authority given him by the Company of New France, distributes and accords to Nicolas Peltier fifty arpents, or acres, in the seigneury of Sillery (this is found on the third page of the document). This land is situated on the so-called ctte Saint-Frangois-Xavier, an extent of shoreline that runs along the Saint Lawrence River some three-quarters of a league, from pointe Saint-Joseph to the southwestern limit of the seigneury. The boundaries of the concession are as follows:

    (a.) On its southeast side, it abuts a line that runs southwest and northeast and that is at a dis-tance of some twenty toises from the shore of the Saint Lawrence (1 toise = 2 yards);
    (b.) on its northwest side, it abuts a line that runs southwest and northeast or thereabouts, and that is at a distance of about twelve toises from the chemin de Quibec au Cap-Rouge, the road connecting these two places, which is now Laurier Boulevard;
    (c.) on its southwest side, it abuts a line that runs southeast and northwest and that separates it from lands not yet granted; and
    (d.) on its northeast side, it abuts a line that runs southeast and northwest and that separates it from the land of the Mhres Hospitalihres, the religious order that operates a hospital in Sillery.
This concession is made under the condition that Nicolas clear his land of trees, and that he permit to be built any roads that the officers of the Company of New France might deem necessary.

Given that Nicolas' daughter Genevihve is baptized in Sillery the following spring, we may as-sume that he and his family move there from Quebec shortly after this concession is made.

On 29 March 1649, at their office in Paris, and by the power vested in them by the King, the commissioners of the Company of New France ratify the concession made by Montmagny to Peltier three and a half years earlier, granting and conceding to him the fifty arpents as they are designated in the previous act. At the same time, they stipulate that in order to keep his land Nico-las must pay an annual rent of six deniers for every acre in his possession (this is found on the first and second pages of the document). Now obsolete, a denier equaled one-twelfth of a sou, or cent.

On 28 April 1650, by order of Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge et d'Argentenay, governor and lieutenant general of New France, the concession granted to Nicolas Peltier is recorded at the reg-istry of Quebec (this is found on the lower half of the second page of the document). The registrar stipulates that in order to retain this concession, Nicolas must work and cultivate the land in his possession, "in order to satisfy the intentions of the King," or he will forfeit it and render the grant null and void. In addition, because the previous acts nowhere specify the day on which the annual rent falls due, the registrar further stipulates that it will be the feast day of Saint John the Evangelist, two days after Christmas.




Concession faite a Nicolas Pelletier Route St. Xavier 12 Septembre 1645


I.


La compagnie de la Nouvelle france a tous presens, et / advenir salut veu l'acte du departement et distribution faite / par Monsieur de Montmagni gouverneur et lieutenant / general pour le Roy a quebec et dans l'estendue du fleuve / St laurans en la Nouvelle france suivant le pouvoir / a luy donni par Nostre Compagnie a soubs le bon plaisir / D'icelle de cinquante arpans de terre situee en la Nouvelle / france le long du fleuve St laurans proche de quebec / au profit de nicolas pelle-tier habitant de la Nouvelle france / alacharge d'enprendre par luy conccession de Nostre ditte / Compagnie ledit acte en datte du douziesme jour de septembre / 1645 cy attachi par contre sel, nous avons donni, concedi / et octroyi, et en vertu du pouvoir accordi a Nostre Compagnie / par le Roy Nostre Souvairain Seigneur, donnons, concedons / et octroyons audit Nicolas pelletier les-dits cinquante / arpens de terre ou environ ainsi qu'ils sont designi par / ledit acte, pour jouir par ledit pelletier ses successeurs, / ou ayant cause des dittes terres, a tousjours aux conditions / portees par icelluy, et outre alacharge du cens qui sera de six / deniers par arpens par chasque an, lesdits cens portans / lots et vantes saisines et amandes, et ce au cas et ainsy qu'il / y echec en la constance de la prevosti et viconti de paris, mandons au sieur daliboust gouverneur et lieutenant general pour le
/

II.


Roy dans l'estandue du fleuve St laurens qu'il mett / en bonne et deue possession ledit pelletier desdits cinquante / arpens de terre cy dessus, luy assignant les bornes, et que / de la prisse de pos-session il en fasse proces verbal pour / estre envoyi en france au premier retour des vaisseaux / le tout alacharge que lesdittes terres n'ayent point [] esti / concedees, ce feust fait donni concedi et octroyi en l'assemblee des / Intendens et directeur de la compagnie de la Nouvelle france / en leur burreau a paris l'an de grace 1649 29m jour de mars / en foy de quoy nous avons fait expedier les pressentes sur / la minute signee de nous demeures en Nostre bureau et / a icelle fait apposer le seau de Nostre Compagnie / par la Compagnie de la Nouvelle France / l'an mille six cens cinquante le 28m apvril la pressente / concession a esti enregistree au greffe de quebec par le comandement / de Monsieur d'Ailleboust gouverneur et lieutenant general pour / le Roy, ce requerant Nicolas pelletier apres avoir esti mis / en possession par ledit Sieur sur les te-nans, et aboutissants / designis avec injonction de la part de mon dit sieur audit Nicolas / pellettier de travaillier necessairement et cultiver lesdittes / terres pour satisfaire aux intantions du Roy, partis par / ordre des Messieurs de la Compagnie sous peine de nulliti / le jour que ledit pelletier doibt payer la redevance n'est pas / exprimi dans le contract je luy ay assigne le jour de St / Jean l'evangeliste deux jour apres nouel/


III.


Charles huault de Montagni chevaillier de l'ordre / de St Jean de hierusalem gouverneur et lieute-nant / general pour le Roy en toute l'estendue du grand fleuve / St laurens en la Nouvelle france, rivieres et lacs y / descendents et lieux qui en despendent en vertu du pouvoir / a nous donni par Messieurs de la Compagnie de la Nouvelle / france, avons distribui et departy, soubs le bon plaisir / de laditte Compagnie a Nicollas pellettier la consistence / de cinquante arpans de terre ou environt, bornes ainsy qu'il / s'ensuit, scavoir d'un bout au sudest par une ligne qui court / surouest et nordest esloignie du bort du grand fleuve St laurens / de vint toizes environt, de l'autre bout, au nordest par une / ligne qui court sudest et norouest ou environt laquelle ligne / et esloignie du grand chemin de Kebec au cap Rouge de douze / Toise, d'un cousti au surouest par une ligne qui court sudest et norouest / laquelle ligne fait la separation entre luy et les terres non-concedees, / de l'autre costi au nordest par une ligne qui court sudest et norouest faissant la sepa-ration entre luy et les terres des Meres hospitalieres / lesquelles lignes serviront de chemin pour en jouir luy et ses hoirs, / et ayant cause desdits cinquante arpans plainement et paissiblent / en pure roture aux charges que Messieurs de la compagnie / ordonneront, et a condition qu'il fera aussy travailler au defrichent / desdittes terres et souffrira que les chemins qui se pourront establis par les officiers des Messieurs de la compagnie, passent par lesdittes / terres, si ainsi lesdits offi-ciers le trouvent expedient et prendra / comission de Mrs de laditte compagnie desdittes terres a luy par nous / distribuees fait au fort St Louis de Kebec ce douziesme / septembre mil six cens quarante cinq /.





The document treated below can also be found among the "Biens des Jisuites" (cote: E21 S66 SS3; localisation: 7A 001 02-02-004B-01; contenant: 1960-01-038\186). Drafted by Nicolas Gaudry in 1667, it is the concession of a parcel of land in Sillery granted to Frangois Pelletier by Jesuit Superior Frangois le Mercier. The transcript of the document is presented in the French of its time, as the words appear on the page, the exception being some Roman numerals added for the sake of reference. Two words on the first page of the original document are unintelligible and are replaced below by bracketed ellipsis points; the letters seem to spell "contres" and "connertes." A back-slash indicates the end of a line on the original page.



On 13 February 1667, Frangois le Mercier, Jesuit Superior of New France, having been asked by Frangois Pelletier for some portion of land comprised in the so-called Seigneurie des Sauvages, grants to him a concession of twenty arpents there. The concession extends from Route Saint-Ignace to Route Saint-Michel, and is bound as follows:

    1. At its southeast end it abuts Route Saint-Ignace, which in turn abuts the southwest boundaries of the concessions made along Fort Saint Frangois Xavier;
    2. at its northwest end it abuts Route Saint-Michel;
    3. at its northeast end it abuts a line that runs southeast and northwest and that separates the parcel from the land of Denis-Joseph Ruette, sieur d'Auteuil; and
    4. at its southwest end it abuts a line that runs parallel to the aforementioned northeast line and that separates the parcel from land not yet granted.

This concession is made to Frangois under the following conditions:

    1. That he pay an annual seigniorial rent of one sou for every arpent of land, be it cultivated or forest, and that he pay an annual tax of two deniers and one live rooster, or the value thereof, for the entire concession, all due the feast day of All Saints, 1 November, at the Jesuit residence in Sillery;
    2. that he immediately and without interruption cut and clear his land;
    3. that he bring his grain to the seigniorial mill of Sillery to be ground;
    4. that he permit any and all roads deemed necessary by the officers of the Company of New France to be constructed on his land; and
    5. that he allow the so-called Sauvages to cut and take what wood they need from his land for their firewood and other uses.

If he fails to meet these conditions Frangois risks forfeiting his land and rendering the present concession null and void, the land to be returned to its landlord without further process or com-pensation for any work he may have done.

Gaudry notes at the end of the act that Frangois cannot sign his name.





Concession de francois pelletier d'un arpent de front sur la route dite St Ignace
I.


Nous Francois Mercier Superieur des Missions / De la compagnie de Jesus en la nouvelle france / estably par sa Majesti et Messieurs de la compagnie / Generalle de la nouvelle france et leurs of-ficiers pour / conservation et administration des terres affectees a l'usage / Des Sauvages de ces “nouvellement ” / Scavoir faisons que francois pelletier nous ayant / Demandi Quelque portion de terre comprise dans la / seigneurie desdits sauvages neophites nous luy avons / volontairent Donni et Concedi Donnons et Concidons / par ces presentes pour en Jouir et dispenser luy ses / hoirs ou ayant cause la consistance d'un arpent de / front sur ce qui se trouvera de proffon-deur depuis / Les concessions du fort St Xavier jusqu'a la route St / Michel qui est parallelle ala Grande route de quebeq / au cap rouge le tout borni comme Il s'ensuit du bout / Du surest aux terres concedees aux habitans du fort St / Xavier du bout du norouest aladite route Saint Michel / Du costi du nordest par une ligne qui courant aux surest et / norouest la separe d'avec les terres du Sieur dautheuil / du costi du surouest par une ligne parallelle aladite / ligne du nordest qui la separe d'avec les terres non / concedees La pnte concession donnee aux charges et / conditions suivantes C'est a scavoir que led pelletier / promes et s'oblige payer par chacun an au Jour et feste / de Toussaint premier du novembre en nostre Maison / et residence de Sillery un sol pour chasque arpent / de terre ou de bois de rente fonciere de bail d'heritage / et non racheptable avec deux deniers de cens pour toute / ladite concession avec un chapon vif aussy de rente / annuelle ou la valeur d'iceluy a commencer de payer / lesdits cens et rentes seigneurialles aud Jour et feste / De Toussaint Mil six cents soixante sept lesd cens /


II.


Et Rentes portant lots et ventes saisines et amends / selon la coutume de la viconti et prevosti de paris / et encor ala charge que led pelletier fera abatre / et deffricher sur ladite concession Inces-saument sinon / et a ffaute de ce La presente donnation deladite / concession sera de nulle valeur en sorte que led pelletier / sera entierement descheu de la pocession deladite terre / Qui de plein droit et sans forme ny figure de / proces et sans rien rembourser pour les faits que led / pelletier y pourroit avoir fait pour batir et deserter / Reviendra en la pleine et entiere dispossition des sei-gneurs / et a leur non a nous et a nos successeurs sera aussy / tenu led pelletier de porter ou faire porter ses / Grains au Moulin / de Sillery et en outre de souffrir que les chemins / Qui seront or-donnes par les officiers soient faits et / Que lesdits Sauvages coupent et prenent sur ladite / concession Du bois pour leur chauffage et leurs / autres usage ordinaires fait a quebeq en nostre / Maison ce treiziesme Fevrier Mil six cents soixante sept/


Frangois le Mercier /
francois pelletier /
a declari ne savoir signer /
N Gaudry (paraphe) /
Secretiare /.



According to Marcel Trudel (Le Terrier du Saint-Laurent en 1663, Ottawa, 1973), by June 1663 Nicolas Peltier had in his possession three parcels of land in the Seigneurie of Sillery.

The first parcel sat beside the so-called Terres des Sauvages, east of the anse Saint-Joseph, and abutted to its northeast the land of Mathieu Amiot and to its southwest the land of Itienne Denevers. Trudel estimates that, like his neighbors' lands, Nicolas' concession included three arpents of land along the Saint Lawrence and may have been anywhere from 6 > to twenty arpents deep. Trudel can confirm only that Nicolas obtained this land before 10 October 1660.

The second parcel of land sat on what was known as the Ctte Saint-Frangois-Xavier, southwest of the arrihre-fief Monceaux, and extended from the banks of the Saint Lawrence to Route Saint-Ignace. Its frontage ran six arpents along the River, and its depth covered a distance of 25 = arpents; these 153 square arpents included the concession of 1645, but the dates of sub-sequent concessions are unknown. Trudel has determined that this land today extends from a line passing southwest of Ctte-`-Gignac and rue Mont-Marie, from the River to boulevard Laurier.

The third parcel of land, granted in 1653, was part of a 2 =-arpent Common at Fort Saint-Frangois-Xavier; Nicolas shared this parcel with the seventeen other habitants of the Ctte Saint-Frangois-Xavier. The Common was intended to allow these habitants to come together as a community, to plant their gardens and to construct barns and stables, as well as to provide them protection against Iroquois attacks.


Below is a map that accompanies Marcel Trudel's documentation: